Dandruff Treatments

Dandruff Treatments

Dandruff is a common skin condition that affects the scalp. It is characterized by flaky, white or yellowish scales on the scalp, which can sometimes be itchy.

The exact cause of dandruff is unknown, but it is believed to be related to a combination of factors, including an overgrowth of yeast on the scalp, dry skin, oily skin, and sensitivity to hair care products.


Professional anti-dandruff treatments can help individuals who are experiencing severe or persistent dandruff symptoms that have not improved with over-the-counter treatments. These treatments are typically available through dermatologists or hair care professionals and may include the following:

  1. Prescription-strength Shampoos: These shampoos contain higher concentrations of active ingredients, such as ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, or zinc pyrithione, which can help to control dandruff and relieve associated symptoms like itching and flaking.
  2. Topical Corticosteroids: In cases where dandruff is accompanied by scalp inflammation or redness, topical corticosteroids may be recommended by a healthcare professional. These medications can help to reduce inflammation and promote healing of the scalp.
  3. Phototherapy: Light therapy, also known as phototherapy, involves exposing the scalp to specific wavelengths of light that can help to reduce inflammation and improve the overall health of the scalp. This treatment may be recommended for individuals who have not responded to other forms of treatment.
  4. Microbiome-balancing treatments: Recent research has shown that dandruff is associated with an imbalance of the scalp microbiome, or the collection of microorganisms that live on the scalp. Professional treatments that aim to restore the balance of the microbiome through the use of prebiotics, probiotics, or other microbiome-balancing agents may be recommended.
  5. Chemical Peels: In cases where dandruff is accompanied by seborrheic dermatitis, a condition characterized by oily, scaly patches on the scalp, chemical peels may be recommended. These treatments involve applying a solution containing glycolic acid or another exfoliating agent to the scalp to remove dead skin cells and promote healing.

It is important to note that professional anti-dandruff treatments should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional. They may have side effects or interactions with other medications, and a healthcare professional can help to determine the best course of treatment for each individual based on their specific needs and medical history.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can dandruff be cured?
How often should I use dandruff shampoo?
Can natural remedies help with dandruff?
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Can dandruff be prevented?
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